Data from the 2007 Developmental Idealism survey conducted in Gansu province in China's northwestern borderlands reveal that Muslims of the Hui and Dongxiang ethnicities reported much higher rates of cohabitation experience than the secular majority Han. Based on follow-up qualitative interviews, we found the answer to lie in the interplay between the highly interventionist Chinese state and the robust cultural resilience of local Islamic communities. Using the 2000 census data and the 2010 China Family Panel Studies data, we further show that women in almost all ten Muslim ethnic groups have higher percentages of underage births and premarital births than Han women, both nationally and in the northwest where most Chinese Muslims live. As the once-outlawed behavior of cohabitation became more socially acceptable during the reform and opening-up era, young Muslim Chinese often found themselves in “arranged cohabitations” as de facto marriages formed at younger-than-legal ages.
This dataset is created for the paper titled 'Co-benefits of Transport Demand Reductions from Compact Urban Development in Chinese Cities' and published on Nature Sustainability. We construct 6 scenarios of compact urban development, alternative energy vehicle deployment, and power decarbonization to explore the co-benefits of transport demand reductions via compact urban development for carbon emissions, energy use, air quality, and human health in China in 2050. This dataset provides the following gridded information for the scenarios: (1) monthly mean surface PM2.5 concentrations from the WRF-Chem model; (2) annual PM2.5-related premature deaths calculated by the GEMM model; (3) 2015 population in China; (4) mask for provinces in China; (5) longitude and latitude of each grid center.
Data set for "Film drop production over a wide range of liquid conditions." One .csv file is provided that contains data about the number of film drops produced by bursting bubbles of multiple sizes in various liquid conditions.
This item contains two files. A multi-layer perceptron (MLP) neural network is built using the MATLAB Deep Network Designer (.m file). It imports a quantum cascade laser (QCL) dataset and splits it into 70% training, 15% validation, and 15% testing subsets. The network consists of an input layer, three hidden layers (each having a normalization and activation layer), and a regression output layer. All of the layers are fully connected, and the root-mean-square error (RMSE) is used to evaluate the accuracy of the network. An algorithm is trained on the [-2, +3] QCL dataset using 50 neurons, ReLU activation function, solver Adam, 0.001 learning rate, over 150 epochs, and is saved to be used in the prediction of figure of merit values for QCL designs (.mat file).
A code to identify the laser transition for a quantum cascade laser design based on the figure of merit. Variables such as the number of layers, and layer thicknesses, as well the applied electric field, materials composition, number of period repetitions, and layer tolerance ranges to generate random designs are specified. A folder containing a .csv file with all electronic state-pair transitions collected, a .png file of the bandstructure and the laser transition chosen (in red), for all electric field iterations, and a summary .csv file of all these laser transitions for a structure at each electric field is generated by the code. To use, first install ErwinJr2 on your computer. Then locate the "ErwinJr2" folder and copy these 6 files into that directory, overwriting the previous five files (Material.py, QCLayers.py, QCPlotter.py, QuantumTab.py, rFittings.py). Lastly, run the "acej-qcl-layer_10-lwrandom-v23.py" script using Python.
The "summary-fomstar-3lu-eVmiddle-19.csv" file is generated after running the laser transition code, with all of the data collected for one structure at many electric fields. Running the script various times will generate random structures with the same electric field range. Joining these "summary" .csv files makes a QCL dataset.
The Volumetric Camera Calibration Dataset is used for a camera calibration system. Intersecting laser beams are traversed over a volume in the test domain. At each location, the intersecting beams are imaged by camera1 and camera2. A test object is imaged for evaluation.
Link, A. James; Carson, Drew V.; So, Larry; Cheung-Lee, Wai Ling
This entry encompasses the raw NMR spectra used to determine the structure of the lasso peptide achromonodin-1. Within one file are included the five following spectra: COSY, TOCSY, NOESY (150 ms mixing time), NOESY (700 ms mixing time), and C,H HSQC. The file requires Mestrenova software to read. These spectra were used to develop the 3D structure models of achromonodin-1 that are deposited at the protein data bank (PDB) as entry 8SVB.
Mondal, Shanka Subhra; Webb, Taylor; Cohen, Jonathan
A dataset of Raven’s Progressive Matrices (RPM)-like problems using realistically rendered
3D shapes, based on source code from CLEVR (a popular visual-question-answering dataset) (Johnson, J., Hariharan, B., Van Der Maaten, L., Fei-Fei, L., Lawrence Zitnick, C., & Girshick, R. (2017). Clevr: A diagnostic dataset for compositional language and elementary visual reasoning. In Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (pp. 2901-2910)).
Physical and biogeochemical variables from the NOAA-GFDL Earth System Model 2M experiments (pre-processed), previously published observation-based datasets, and code to reproduce figures from these datasets, used for the study 'Hydrological cycle amplification reshapes warming-driven oxygen loss in Atlantic Ocean'.
This dataset encompasses two distinct sets of data analyzed in the study, namely Asian American Scholar Forum survey data and Microsoft Academic Graph bibleometrics data:
Yu Xie, Xihong Lin, Ju Li, Qian He, Junming Huang, Caught in the Crossfire: Fears of Chinese-American Scientists, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in press (2023).
This dataset contains example input files, training data sets and potential files related to the publication "First-principles-based Machine Learning Models for Phase Behavior and Transport Properties of CO2." by Mathur et al (2023). In this work, we developed machine learning models for CO2 based on different exchange-correlation DFT functionals. We assessed their performance on liquid densities, vapor-liquid equilibrium and transport properties.
Numerical data is tabulated for all plots (Figures 2, 3a-b, 4-89, S1, S4a-b,d, S5a-b,d, S6-S156) and included as separate spreadsheets categorized by figure in a .zip file in the Supplementary Material. Error bars in Figure 4 show the spread of data observed for 4 and 5 trials on independent samples for MIL-101 and MOF-235, respectively. Figure 6a shows the average of triplicate filtrate test conversions with error propagated based on this spread. Figures 6b and S165 error bars on rate constants are determined based on propagated conversion uncertainty for independent trials and extracted standard deviations of pseudo-first order rate constants from linearized plots. Error bars on other plots represent propagation of experimental uncertainty on single trials.
This item provides access to all configurations of single-chain nanoparticles analyzed in the manuscript "Sequence Patterning, Morphology, and Dispersity in Single-Chain Nanoparticles: Insights from Simulation and Machine Learning" by Roshan A. Patel, Sophia Colmenares, and Michael A. Webb (DOI: 10.1021/acspolymersau.3c00007). The single-chain nanoparticles derive from 320 unique precursor chains that are distinguished by the fraction of linker beads that decorate a fixed-length polymer backbone and the distribution or blockiness of those linker beads. The data is provided in the form of serialized object using the `pickle' python module. The data was compiled using Python version 3.8.8 and Clang 10.0.0. The Python object loaded from the .pkl file is a nested list, with the first dimension having 7,680 entries for the 7,680 unique single-chain nanoparticles produced in the aforementioned paper. Each of those 7,680 entries is itself a list with 20 entries, representing the 20 different simulation snapshots of the given single-chain nanoparticle. Each of the 20 entries is another list with two entries, with the first being a numpy.ndarray containing the x,y,z coordinates of all the beads comprising the single-chain nanoparticle and the second being a numpy.ndarray with a numerical encoding to indicate whether the beads are backbone (indicated as '0') or linker beads (indicated as '1'). Altogether, this provides 153,600 configurations of single-chain nanoparticles.
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB), caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV), remains a major medical problem. HBV has a high propensity for progressing to chronicity and can result in severe liver disease, including fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. CHB patients frequently present with viral coinfection, including HIV and hepatitis delta virus. About 10% of chronic HIV carriers are also persistently infected with HBV which can result in more exacerbated liver disease. Mechanistic studies of HBV-induced immune responses and pathogenesis, which could be significantly influenced by HIV infection, have been hampered by the scarcity of immunocompetent animal models. Here, we demonstrate that humanized mice dually engrafted with components of a human immune system and a human liver supported HBV infection, which was partially controlled by human immune cells, as evidenced by lower levels of serum viremia and HBV replication intermediates in the liver. HBV infection resulted in priming and expansion of human HLA-restricted CD8+ T cells, which acquired an activated phenotype. Notably, our dually humanized mice support persistent coinfections with HBV and HIV which opens opportunities for analyzing immune dysregulation during HBV and HIV coinfection and preclinical testing of novel immunotherapeutics.
This dataset contains input files, training data and other files related to the machine learning models developed during the work by Muniz et al. In this work, we construct machine learning models based on the MB-pol many-body model. We find that the training set should include cluster configurations as well as liquid phase configurations in order to accurately represent both liquid and VLE properties. The results attest for the ability of machine learning models to accurately represent many-body potentials and provide an efficient avenue for water simulations.
Piaggi, Pablo M; Gartner, Thomas E; Car, Roberto; Debenedetti, Pablo G
The possible existence of a liquid-liquid critical point in deeply supercooled water has been a subject of debate in part due to the challenges associated with providing definitive experimental evidence. Pioneering work by Mishima and Stanley [Nature 392, 164 (1998) and Phys.~Rev.~Lett. 85, 334 (2000)] sought to shed light on this problem by studying the melting curves of different ice polymorphs and their metastable continuation in the vicinity of the expected location of the liquid-liquid transition and its associated critical point. Based on the continuous or discontinuous changes in slope of the melting curves, Mishima suggested that the liquid-liquid critical point lies between the melting curves of ice III and ice V. Here, we explore this conjecture using molecular dynamics simulations with a purely-predictive machine learning model based on ab initio quantum-mechanical calculations. We study the melting curves of ices III, IV, V, VI, and XIII using this model and find that the melting lines of all the studied ice polymorphs are supercritical and do not intersect the liquid-liquid transition locus. We also find a pronounced, yet continuous, change in slope of the melting lines upon crossing of the locus of maximum compressibility of the liquid. Finally, we analyze critically the literature in light of our findings, and conclude that the scenario in which melting curves are supercritical is favored by the most recent computational and experimental evidence. Thus, although the preponderance of experimental and computational evidence is consistent with the existence of a second critical point in water, the behavior of the melting lines of ice polymorphs does not provide strong evidence in support of this viewpoint, according to our calculations.
Physical and biogeochemical variables from the NOAA-GFDL Earth System Model 2M experiments, and previously published observation-based datasets, used for the study 'Hydrological cycle amplification reshapes warming-driven oxygen loss in Atlantic Ocean'.