Bhattacharjee, Tapomoy; Amchin, Daniel; Alert, Ricard; Ott, Jenna; Datta, Sujit
Collective migration -- the directed, coordinated motion of many self-propelled agents -- is a fascinating emergent behavior exhibited by active matter that has key functional implications for biological systems. Extensive studies have elucidated the different ways in which this phenomenon may arise. Nevertheless, how collective migration can persist when a population is confronted with perturbations, which inevitably arise in complex settings, is poorly understood. Here, by combining experiments and simulations, we describe a mechanism by which collectively migrating populations smooth out large-scale perturbations in their overall morphology, enabling their constituents to continue to migrate together. We focus on the canonical example of chemotactic migration of Escherichia coli, in which fronts of cells move via directed motion, or chemotaxis, in response to a self-generated nutrient gradient. We identify two distinct modes in which chemotaxis influences the morphology of the population: cells in different locations along a front migrate at different velocities due to spatial variations in (i) the local nutrient gradient and in (ii) the ability of cells to sense and respond to the local nutrient gradient. While the first mode is destabilizing, the second mode is stabilizing and dominates, ultimately driving smoothing of the overall population and enabling continued collective migration. This process is autonomous, arising without any external intervention; instead, it is a population-scale consequence of the manner in which individual cells transduce external signals. Our findings thus provide insights to predict, and potentially control, the collective migration and morphology of cell populations and diverse other forms of active matter.
This distribution compiles numerous physical properties for 2,585 intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) obtained by coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation. This combination comprises "Dataset A" as reported in "Featurization strategies for polymer sequence or composition design by machine learning" by Roshan A. Patel, Carlos H. Borca, and Michael A. Webb (DOI: 10.1039/D1ME00160D). The specific IDP sequences are sourced from version 9.0 of the DisProt database. The simulations were performed using the LAMMPS molecular dynamics engine. The interactions used for simulation are obtained from R. M. Regy , J. Thompson , Y. C. Kim and J. Mittal , Improved coarse-grained model for studying sequence dependent phase separation of disordered proteins, Protein Sci., 2021, 1371 —1379.
This distribution contains experimentally measured data for the extent of retained enzyme activity post thermal stressing for three distinct enzymes: glucose oxidase, lipase, and horseradish peroxidase. The data is used to form conclusions and develop machine learning models as reported in the publication "Machine Learning on a Robotic Platform for the Design of Polymer-Protein Hybrids" by Matthew Tamasi, Roshan Patel, Carlos Borca, Shashank Kosuri, Heloise Mugnier, Rahul Upadhya, N. Sanjeeva Murthy, Michael Webb*, and Adam Gormley. Details regarding the experimental protocols are reported in the aforementioned paper but are briefly discussed in the README.
Gartner III, Thomas E.; Torquato, Salvatore; Car, Roberto; Debenedetti, Pablo G.
This dataset contains all data related to the publication "Manifestations of metastable criticality in glassy water-like models detected by large-scale structural properties" by Gartner et al., in preparation 2020. In this work, we used molecular dynamics simulations to explore the relationship between water's polyamorphism (multiple amorphous solid states) and its hypothesized liquid-liquid transition. Using the TIP4P/2005 molecular model of water, we found a surprising signature of water's liquid-liquid critical point in the long-range structure of water's amorphous solid states formed by isobaric cooling at different pressures. This structural signature was absent in two other systems that lack a critical point. This dataset contains molecular dynamics simulation trajectories, as well as processed data, analysis codes, and image files used in the publication.
Gartner, Thomas III; Zhang, Linfeng; Piaggi, Pablo; Car, Roberto; Panagiotopoulos, Athanassios; Debenedetti, Pablo
This dataset contains all data related to the publication "Signatures of a liquid-liquid transition in an ab initio deep neural network model for water", by Gartner et al., 2020. In this work, we used neural networks to generate a computational model for water using high-accuracy quantum chemistry calculations. Then, we used advanced molecular simulations to demonstrate evidence that suggests this model exhibits a liquid-liquid transition, a phenomenon that can explain many of water's anomalous properties. This dataset contains links to all software used, all data generated as part of this work, as well as scripts to generate and analyze all data and generate the plots reported in the publication.
Petsev, Nikolai D.; Stillinger, Frank H.; Debenedetti, Pablo G.
Source code for our energy-conserving reformulation of the 4-site molecular model for chiral phenomena originally introduced by Latinwo et al. [F. Latinwo, F. H. Stillinger, and P. G. Debenedetti, Molecular Model for Chirality Phenomena, J. Chem. Phys. 145, 154503 (2016)]. The reformulation includes an additional 8-body force that arises from an explicit configuration-dependent term in the potential energy function, resulting in a coarse-grained energy-conserving force field for molecular dynamics simulations of chirality phenomena. In this model, the coarse-grained interaction energy between two tetramers depends on their respective chiralities, and is controlled by a parameter λ, where favors local configurations involving tetramers of opposite chirality, and gives energetic preference to configurations involving tetramers of the same chirality. The source code is for use with the LAMMPS simulation package.
Muniz, Maria Carolina; Gartner III, Thomas E.; Riera, Marc; Knight, Christopher; Yue, Shuwen; Paesani, Francesco; Panagiotopoulos, Athanassios Z.
This dataset contains all data (including input files, simulation trajectories as well as other data files and analysis scripts) related to the publication "Vapor-liquid equilibrium of water with the MB-pol many-body potential" by Muniz et al. in preparation (2021). In this work, we assessed the performance of the MB-pol many-body potential with respect to water's vapor-liquid equilibrium properties. Through the use of direct coexistence molecular dynamics, we calculated properties such as coexistence densities, surface tension, vapor pressures and enthalpy of vaporization. We found that MB-pol is able to predict these properties in good agreement with experimental data. The results attest to the chemical accuracy of MB-pol and its large range of application across water's phase diagram.
This dataset contains all data relevant to a forthcoming publication in which we used molecular simulation methods to study the phase behavior of supercooled water. The dataset contains simulation input and output files, processed data files, and image files used to create all plots in the manuscript. Python analysis scripts are also included, including instructions for how to re-generate all plots in the manuscript.
Petsev, Nikolai D.; Nikoubashman, Arash; Latinwo, Folarin
Source code for our genetic algorithm optimization investigation of conglomerate and racemic chiral crystals. In this work, we address challenges in determining the stable structures formed by chiral molecules by applying the framework of genetic algorithms to predict the ground state crystal lattices formed by a chiral tetramer model. Using this code, we explore the relative stability and structures of the model’s conglomerate and racemic crystals, and extract a structural phase diagram for the stable Bravais crystal types in the zero-temperature limit.
The materials include codes and example input / output files for Monte Carlo simulations of lattice chains in the grand canonical ensemble, for determining phase behavior, critical points, and formation of aggregates.