Time dependent analysis of visible helium line-ratios for electron temperature and density diagnostic using synthetic simulations on NSTX-U

Munoz Burgos, J. M. ; Barbui, T. ; Schmitz, O.; Stutman, D.; Tritz, K.
Issue date: 2016
Rights:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Cite as:
Munoz Burgos, J. M., Barbui, T., Schmitz, O., Stutman, D., & Tritz, K. (2016). Time dependent analysis of visible helium line-ratios for electron temperature and density diagnostic using synthetic simulations on NSTX-U [Data set]. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University. https://doi.org/10.11578/1366719
@electronic{munoz_burgos_j_m_2016,
  author      = {Munoz Burgos, J. M. and
                Barbui, T. and
                Schmitz, O. and
                Stutman, D. and
                Tritz, K.},
  title       = {{Time dependent analysis of visible heliu
                m line-ratios for electron temperature a
                nd density diagnostic using synthetic si
                mulations on NSTX-U}},
  publisher   = {{Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Pri
                nceton University}},
  year        = 2016,
  url         = {https://doi.org/10.11578/1366719}
}
Description:

Helium line-ratios for electron temperature (Te) and density (ne) plasma diagnostic in the Scrape-Off-Layer (SOL) and Edge regions of tokamaks are widely used. Due to their intensities and proximity of wavelengths, the singlet 667.8 and 728.1 nm, and triplet 706.5 nm visible lines have been typically preferred. Time- dependency of the triplet line (706.5 nm) has been previously analyzed in detail by including transient effects on line-ratios during gas-puff diagnostic applications. In this work, several line-ratio combinations within each of the two spin systems are analyzed with the purpose of eliminating transient effects to extend the application of this powerful diagnostic to high temporal resolution characterization of plasmas. The analysis is done using synthetic emission modeling and diagnostic for low electron density NSTX SOL plasma conditions for several visible lines. This analysis employs both quasi-static equilibrium and time-dependent models in order to evaluate transient effects of the atomic population levels that may affect the derived electron temperatures and densities as a helium gas-puff penetrates the plasma. Ratios between the most intense lines are usually preferred due to their higher signal to noise ratio. The analysis of a wider range of spectral lines will help to extend this powerful diagnostic to experiments where the wavelength range of the measured spectra may be constrained either by limitations of the spectrometer, or by other conflicting lines from different ions.

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