Stabilizing effect of resistivity towards ELM-free H-mode discharge in lithium-conditioned NSTX

Banerjee, D.; Zhu, P.; Maingi, R.
Issue date: 2017
Rights:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Cite as:
Banerjee, D., Zhu, P., & Maingi, R. Stabilizing effect of resistivity towards ELM-free H-mode discharge in lithium-conditioned NSTX [Data set]. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University. https://doi.org/10.11578/1367548
@electronic{banerjee_d_unknown,
  author      = {Banerjee, D. and
                Zhu, P. and
                Maingi, R.},
  title       = {{Stabilizing effect of resistivity toward
                s ELM-free H-mode discharge in lithium-c
                onditioned NSTX}},
  publisher   = {{Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Pri
                nceton University}},
  url         = {https://doi.org/10.11578/1367548}
}
Description:

Linear stability analysis of the national spherical torus experiment (NSTX) Li-conditioned ELM-free H-mode equilibria is carried out in the context of the extended magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) model in NIMROD. The purpose is to investigate the physical cause behind edge localized mode (ELM) suppression in experiment after the Li-coating of the divertor and the first wall of the NSTX tokamak. Besides ideal MHD modeling, including finite-Larmor radius effect and two-fluid Hall and electron diamagnetic drift contributions, a non-ideal resistivity model is employed, taking into account the increase of Z eff after Li-conditioning in ELM-free H-mode. Unlike an earlier conclusion from an eigenvalue code analysis of these equilibria, NIMROD results find that after reduced recycling from divertor plates, profile modification is necessary but insufficient to explain the mechanism behind complete ELMs suppression in ideal two-fluid MHD. After considering the higher plasma resistivity due to higher Z eff , the complete stabilization could be explained. A thorough analysis of both pre-lithium ELMy and with-lithium ELM-free cases using ideal and non-ideal MHD models is presented, after accurately including a vacuum-like cold halo region in NIMROD to investigate ELMs.

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