Global modeling of wall material migration following boronization in NSTX-U

Nichols, J. H.; Jaworski, M.A. ; Skinner, C. H. ; Bedoya, F.; Scotti, F.; Soukhanovskii, V. A.; Schmid, K.
Issue date: 2019
Cite as:
Nichols, J. H., Jaworski, M.A., Skinner, C. H., Bedoya, F., Scotti, F., Soukhanovskii, V. A., & Schmid, K. Global modeling of wall material migration following boronization in NSTX-U [Data set]. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University.
  author      = {Nichols, J. H. and
                Jaworski, M.A. and
                Skinner, C. H. and
                Bedoya, F. and
                Scotti, F. and
                Soukhanovskii, V. A. and
                Schmid, K.},
  title       = {{Global modeling of wall material migrati
                on following boronization in NSTX-U}},
  publisher   = {{Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Pri
                nceton University}},
  url         = {}

Boronization is commonly utilized in tokamaks to suppress intrinsic impurities, most notably oxygen from residual water vapor. However, this is a temporary solution, as oxygen levels typically return to pre-boronization levels following repeated plasma exposure. The global impurity migration model WallDYN has been applied to the post-boronization surface impurity evolution in NSTX-U. A “Thin Film Model” has been incorporated into WallDYN to handle spatially inhomogeneous conditioning films of varying thicknesses, together with an empirical boron conditioning model for the NSTX-U glow discharge boronization process. The model qualitatively reproduces the spatial distribution of boron in the NSTX-U vessel, the spatially-resolved divertor emission pattern, and the increase in oxygen levels following boronization. The simulations suggest that oxygen is primarily sourced from wall locations without heavy plasma flux or significant boron deposition, namely the lower and upper passive plates and the lower private flux zone.

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