Effects of collisional ion orbit loss on tokamak radial electric field and toroidal rotation in an L-mode plasma

Zhu, Hongxuan ; Stoltzfus-Dueck, T ; Hager, R ; Ku, S ; Chang, C.S.
Issue date: 2023
Rights:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Cite as:
Zhu, Hongxuan, Stoltzfus-Dueck, T, Hager, R, Ku, S, & Chang, C.S. (2023). Effects of collisional ion orbit loss on tokamak radial electric field and toroidal rotation in an L-mode plasma [Data set]. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University. https://doi.org/10.34770/hj83-n134
@electronic{zhu_hongxuan_2023,
  author      = {Zhu, Hongxuan and
                Stoltzfus-Dueck, T and
                Hager, R and
                Ku, S and
                Chang, C.S.},
  title       = {{Effects of collisional ion orbit loss on
                 tokamak radial electric field and toroi
                dal rotation in an L-mode plasma}},
  publisher   = {{Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Pri
                nceton University}},
  year        = 2023,
  url         = {https://doi.org/10.34770/hj83-n134}
}
Description:

Ion orbit loss has been used to model the formation of a strong negative radial electric field Er in the tokamak edge, as well as edge momentum transport and toroidal rotation. To quantitatively measure ion orbit loss, an orbit-flux formulation has been developed and numerically applied to the gyrokinetic particle-in-cell code XGC. We study collisional ion orbit loss in an axisymmetric DIII-D L-mode plasma using gyrokinetic ions and drift-kinetic electrons. Numerical simulations, where the plasma density and temperature profiles are maintained through neutral ionization and heating, show the formation of a quasisteady negative Er in the edge. We have measured a radially outgoing ion gyrocenter flux due to collisional scattering of ions into the loss orbits, which is balanced by the radially incoming ion gyrocenter flux from confined orbits on the collisional time scale. This suggests that collisional ion orbit loss can shift Er in the negative direction compared to that in plasmas without orbit loss. It is also found that collisional ion orbit loss can contribute to a radially outgoing (counter-current) toroidal-angular-momentum flux, which is not balanced by the toroidal-angular-momentum flux carried by ions on the confined orbits. Therefore, the edge toroidal rotation shifts in the co-current direction on the collisional time scale.

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2 ARK_DATA.zip 16 MB
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