March Mathness: Effects of basketball on the brain

Antony, James ; McDougle, Sam
Issue date: 2020
Rights:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Cite as:
Antony, James & McDougle, Sam. March Mathness: Effects of basketball on the brain [Data set]. Princeton University. https://doi.org/10.34770/r8b8-k094
@electronic{antony_james_unknown,
  author      = {Antony, James and
                McDougle, Sam},
  title       = {{March Mathness: Effects of basketball on
                 the brain}},
  publisher   = {{Princeton University}},
  url         = {https://doi.org/10.34770/r8b8-k094}
}
Description:

Surprise signals a discrepancy between past and current beliefs. It is theorized to be linked to affective experiences, the creation of particularly resilient memories, and segmentation of the flow of experience into discrete perceived events. However, the ability to precisely measure naturalistic surprise has remained elusive. We used advanced basketball analytics to derive a quantitative measure of surprise and characterized its behavioral, physiological, and neural correlates in human subjects observing basketball games. We found that surprise was associated with segmentation of ongoing experiences, as reflected by subjectively perceived event boundaries and shifts in neocortical patterns underlying belief states. Interestingly, these effects differed by whether surprising moments contradicted or bolstered current predominant beliefs. Surprise also positively correlated with pupil dilation, activation in subcortical regions associated with dopamine, game enjoyment, and long-term memory. These investigations support key predictions from event segmentation theory and extend theoretical conceptualizations of surprise to real-world contexts.

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# Filename Filesize
1 README_fmriprep.txt 713 Bytes
2 globus_readme.txt 7.35 KB
3 AnalysisOverview.key 653 KB
4 CHANGES 408 Bytes
5 RStuff.zip 889 KB
6 _Changelog.txt 278 Bytes
7 _oldVersion/analysis.zip 17.2 GB
8 analysis.zip 17.2 GB
9 code.zip 10.4 MB
10 dataset_description.json 1012 Bytes
11 error.log 168 Bytes
12 exp.zip 246 KB
13 fmriprep.zip 25.7 MB
14 globus_dirTree.rtf 5.86 KB
15 nonfmri.zip 3.28 GB
16 participants.tsv 429 Bytes
17 pics.zip 102 MB
18 recall.zip 77 KB
19 rois.zip 6.58 MB
20 secondlevel.zip 59.6 MB
21 sub-01.zip 10.1 GB
22 sub-02.zip 9.93 GB
23 sub-03.zip 10.1 GB
24 sub-04.zip 12.9 GB
25 sub-05.zip 10.8 GB
26 sub-06.zip 12 GB
27 sub-07.zip 9.84 GB
28 sub-08.zip 9.95 GB
29 sub-09.zip 9.87 GB
30 sub-10.zip 9.94 GB
31 sub-11.zip 9.7 GB
32 sub-12.zip 10.1 GB
33 sub-13.zip 9.81 GB
34 sub-14.zip 9.93 GB
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36 sub-16.zip 9.77 GB
37 sub-17.zip 9.93 GB
38 sub-18.zip 9.96 GB
39 sub-19.zip 9.85 GB
40 sub-20.zip 11.9 GB
41 task-None_bold.json 2.38 KB
42 task-recall_bold.json 2.38 KB
43 task-view_bold.json 2.38 KB